On the 14th December 2019 the Directive 2000/29/EC, which outlined protective measures against the introduction and spread of organisms harmful to plants, was repealed and replaced by Regulation (EU) 2016/2031 ("Plant Health Law") of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning protective measures against pests of plants. Article 5(2) of this Plant Health Law calls for the establishment of a “list of Union quarantine pests”. This list was established and is available in Annex II of the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2072. A separate list of Union regulated non-quarantine pests (‘RNQPs’) is documented in Annex IV of this regulation.  A number of plant-parasitic nematodes can be found in these lists.

In 2021, a new regulation Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/2285 was published. In Annex II of this regulation the nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii was added as a Union quarantine pest.


A list of “priority pests” can be found in the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/1702, established in accordance with Article 6(2) of the “Plant Health Law”. Article 6(2) empowers the Commission to; “adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 105 supplementing this Regulation by establishing a list of the priority pests”.
This list includes the Pine Wilt Nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus


More information: https://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/plant_health_biosecurity/legislation/new_eu_rules_en